A newspaper article1 in the Orangeville Banner provided an account of a 16-year-old girl who experienced serious complications after the removal of her wisdom teeth. Mercedes Moore of Grand Valley, Ontario, went into septic shock after surgery in February 2009. The article outlines how an infection spread to her lungs and brain, leading to her suffering a series of blood clots and strokes. She was ultimately placed into a medically induced coma to allow treatment of the infection in her lungs and brain.
Mercedes spent over 10 weeks at McMaster Sick Children’s Hospital in Hamilton, Ontario, before being transferred to Bloorview Kids Rehab centre in Toronto for another 5 months of rehabilitation.2 She remains partially paralyzed in her right arm and leg and will require further rehabilitation.
- Shaw J. Mercedes’ wisdom teeth removal almost killed her. Orangeville Banner. December 14, 2009. Available: www.orangeville.com/opinion/ columns/article/245303--mercedes-wisdom-teeth-removal-almost-killed-her (accessed 2010 Jan 11).
- Daponte C. Fundraiser for Mercedes Moore set for Oct. 10. Wellington Advertiser. Vol. 42, Issue 41. Available: www.wellingtonadvertiser.com/index.cfm?page=detail&itmno=4449 (accessed 2010 Jan 11).
Commentary by Dr. George Sándor
The article in the Orangeville Banner describes a very sad and unfortunate case of an otherwise healthy teenager who suffered postoperative complications associated with the removal of her third molar teeth due to an exceedingly rare condition known as Lemierre syndrome. The JCDA readership is well acquainted with many unusual infectious complications of third molar surgery, including Ludwig’s angina,1 mediastinitis, life-threatening hemorrhag2 and necrotizing fasciitis.3
Lemierre syndrome can result from a recent oropharyngeal infection. Clinical or radiographic signs of the condition include thrombosis of the internal jugular vein, distant infected emboli and the presence of anaerobic pathogens, usually Fusobacterium necrophorum. It is the septic emboli resulting from the infected thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular that causes complications of the central nervous system and pulmonary or other manifestations, including septic shock. This condition was so rare that historically it was called the “forgotten disease,” but recent reports indicate that Lemierre syndrome may be more common than we thought.4 Some authors attribute the apparent higher incidence to antibiotic prescription patterns and antibiotic resistance.4
Because Lemierre syndrome is most commonly associated with oropharyngeal infection sometimes following tonsillectomy, it is often described in the otolaryngology literature. While sepsis from a throat infection was first described by Schottmuller in 1918,5 Andre Lemierre published a case series of 20 patients who had throat infections followed by anaerobic septicemia.6 Eighteen patients in this series died. Lemierre syndrome has a high mortality rate, and for survivors, the morbidity is severe. Successful management of such a complex and relatively unknown condition relies on a high index of suspicion, awareness of the condition and soliciting the help of a multidisciplinary team.
- Sandor GK, Low DE, Judd PL, Davidson RJ. Antimicrobial treatment options in the management of odontogenic infections. J Can Dent Assoc. 1998;64(7):508-14.
- Moghadam HG, Caminiti MF. Life-threatening hemorhhage after extraction of third molars: case report and management protocol. J Can Dent Assoc. 2002;68(11):670-4.
- Fenton CF, Kertesz T, Baker G, Sandor GK. Necrotizing fasciitis of the face: a rare but significant clinical condition. J Can Dent Assoc. 2004;70(9):611-5.
- Karkos PD, Asrani S, Karkos CD, Leong SC, Theochari EG, Alexopoulou TD, et al. Lemierre’s syndrome: a systemic review. Laryngoscope. 2009;119(8):1552-9.
- Schottmuller H. Uber die Pathologentitat anaerober Bazillen. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 1918;44:1440.
- Lemierre A. On certain septicaemias due to anaerobic organisms. Lancet. 1936;227(5874):701-3.