About JCDA.ca

CDA Mission Statement

The Canadian Dental Association (CDA) is the national voice for dentistry dedicated to the promotion of optimal oral health, an essential component of general health, and to the advancement and leadership of a unified profession.

JCDA.ca Mission Statement

JCDA.ca (Journal of the Canadian Dental Association) is the flagship scholarly, peer-reviewed publication of CDA, providing dialogue between the national association and the dental community. It is dedicated to publishing worthy scientific and clinical articles and informing dentists of issues significant to the profession.

CDA has focused its recent efforts on knowledge, advocacy and practice support initiatives and JCDA.ca is an essential part of CDA's knowledge strategy.

About JCDA.ca

JCDA.ca is Canada's only peer-reviewed dental journal. It is an online, open access publication that publishes original research articles that contribute to the literature. These articles are indexed in Medline, Journal Citation Reports and Science Citation Index.

JCDA.ca employs a continuous publication model which means that original clinical articles appear online only. 

JCDA.ca has a scholarly emphasis featuring clinical research articles and clinically oriented literature reviews, along with professional issues and other epidemiology reports that inform oral health care policy in Canada. Such material published on JCDA.ca will have been reviewed by at least 2 external reviewers and be judged as an "addition to the dental literature."

As of 2016, JCDA.ca will focus solely on publishing original research, comprehensive literature reviews, and proceedings of scholarly meetings. JCDA.ca will place particular value on working with authors and researchers from the Canadian dental schools to help promote and advance the body of knowledge of the profession. We would encourage Canadian oral health researchers (within Canada and beyond) and those who collaborate to submit manuscripts for review and potential publication.


CDA discontinued the print version of JCDA in 2014 when the new CDA Essentials / L'essentiel de l'ADC magazines were launched. The print JCDA was previously published in both English and French, however the new online JCDA.ca is an English-only publication. All archived JCDA content is now searchable and retrievable.

JCDA.ca aims to keep dentists up to date on clinical and scientific developments that are pertinent to dental practice in Canada by providing easily searchable information useful at the point of patient care.  

Impact factor and citation details

JCDA.ca is indexed in Medline, Journal Citation Reports and Science Citation Index. Journal Citation Reports published JCDA's 2020 impact factor (1.693) which is an increase from JCDA's 2019 impact factor (0.917). This is evidence that the publication is still recognized as an important and credible dentistry journal whose clinical articles are valuable to research.

All material published on JCDA.ca includes an elocator for identification, retrieval and citation purposes. The citation method is year, volume, elocator (not a page number). This citation (e.g., J Can Dent Assoc. 2015;81:f10) appears in Medline, PubMed and other bibliographical indexes.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: How can I reprint or republish articles from JCDA.ca?

A: JCDA.ca is generally more than happy to grant reprint permissions, however in all cases a written request must be provided. We also ask that full citation of the original article is also published.

Please email reprint permission requests to: rgalipeau@cda-adc.ca. Requests can also be sent by mail to Rachel Galipeau, CDA Publications Coordinator, 1815 Alta Vista Drive, Ottawa, ON, K1G 3Y6

Please specify the reference details of the requested material, the intended use of the material and the name of the publication where the reprinted material will appear.

NOTE: All accepted manuscripts and their accompanying illustrations become the permanent property of the Canadian Dental Association, owner and publisher of JCDA, and may not be published elsewhere in full or in part, in print or electronically, without written permission from the Canadian Dental Association.

Q: How can I submit a manuscript to JCDA.ca?

A: Please consult the 'For Authors' section for a complete set of instructions. Manuscript submissions can be sent by email to: JCDA@cda-adc.ca.

Q: How can I comment on an article or submit a Letter to JCDA.ca?

A: We welcome feedback from readers about any articles or material that appears on JCDA.ca. You can submit your feedback directly on jcda.ca via the online 'Comments' section found at the end of each article.

You can also submit a formal Letter, which should be no more than 250 words.

Readers can submit Letters by email to: JCDA@cda-adc.ca. Letters can also be mailed to: Canadian Dental Association, 1815 Alta Vista Drive, Ottawa, ON, K1G 3Y6

NOTE: All statements of opinion and supposed fact are published on the authority of the author who submits them and do not necessarily express the views of JCDA or the Canadian Dental Association. Comments submitted in response to articles may also be published in CDA Essentials magazine.


JCDA.ca Editorial and Production Staff

Head of Communications

Zelda Burt

Managing Editor

Sean McNamara


Sierra Bellows

Gabriel Fulcher

Pauline Mérindol

Publications & Electronic Media Associate

Rachel Galipeau

Communications Assistant

Jessica Daoud

Front-end Developer

JP Nuyens

Graphic Designer

Carlos Castro


JCDA.ca Contact details

Rachel Galipeau

Call CDA for information and assistance toll-free (Canada) at: 1-800-267-6354

Outside Canada: 613-523-1770

CDA Fax: 613-523-7736

CDA email: reception@cda-adc.ca


Editorial Advisors

Editorial Advisory Group

Dr. Amir Azarpazhooh
Dr. Elham Emami
Dr. Jocelyne Feine
Dr. Hugh Kim

Dr. Michael Glogauer
Dr. Debora Matthews
Dr. Robert Schroth

Associate editors

Dr. Michael J. Casas 
Dr. Anne Charbonneau 
Dr. Ian R. Matthew 
Dr. Mary E. McNally


Editorial consultants

Dr. James L. Armstrong 
Dr. Manal Awad 
Dr. Catalena Birek 
Dr. Kevin Butterfield 
Dr. Gary A. Clark 
Dr. Jeff Coil 
Dr. Pierre C. Desautels 
Dr. Terry Donovan 
Dr. Robert V. Elia 
Dr. Joel B. Epstein 
Dr. Ian M. Furst 
Dr. Daniel Haas 
Dr. Felicity Hardwick 
Dr. Robert J. Hawkins 
Dr. Asbjørn Jokstad 
Dr. Ernest W. Lam

Dr. Gilles Lavigne 
Dr. James L. Leake 
Dr. Kevin E. Lung 
Dr. Richard B. Price 
Dr. N. Dorin Ruse 
Dr. Kathy Russell 
Dr. Benoit Soucy 
Dr. Susan Sutherland 
Dr. David J. Sweet 
Dr. Gordon W. Thompson 
Dr. Margaret Webb 
Dr. James R. Yacyshyn


Clinical Practice Advisors

Dr. Jonathan Adams
Dr. Suham Alexander
Dr. Don Ball
Dr. Mintoo Basahti
Dr. Paul Cameron
Dr. Rob Cochran
Dr. Claudia Courchesne
Dr. Helen De Man
Dr. Gillian Delaney
Dr. Mehrnoosh Ebtedaee
Dr. Don Friedlander
Dr. Jeff Glaizel
Dr. Margot Hiltz
Dr. Pauline Huff
Dr. Dan Hwang
Dr. Elizabeth Jackson
Dr. Atul Joshi
Dr. Kiyanoosh Kazemi
Dr. Waji Khan
Dr. Natalie Kos
Dr. Grace Lee
Dr. Janet Leith
Dr. Peter Locke
Dr. Wendy Low
Dr. Mark McCullough

Dr. Paul McNab
Dr. Jim Miles
Dr. Amir Mirzaei
Dr. Christine Ng
Dr. Hai Nguyen
Dr. Raymond Oneson
Dr. Marielle Pariseau
Dr. Urjit Patel
Dr. Landon Pincombe
Dr. Greg Power
Dr. Robyn Ramsay
Dr. Aryn Schmidt
Dr. Hilary Stevens
Dr. Scott Stewart
Dr. Cory Sul
Dr. Mona Taha
Dr. Alicia Taylor
Dr. Michelle Thorsteinson
Dr. Stan Tuck
Dr. Nooshin Valadi
Dr. Mark Venditti
Dr. Brian Yim
Dr. Kristin Yont
Dr. Alan Zucker



JCDA Reviewers

Dr. Steven I. Ahing
Dr. Rubens F. Albuquerque Jr.
Dr. Paul J. Allison
Dr. Aurelio A. Alonso
Dr. Maryam S. Amin
Dr. Jim Anderson
Dr. Ross D. Anderson
Dr. Ajit Auluck
Dr. Sylvie-Louise Avon
Dr. Amir Azarpazhooh
Dr. Jean Barbeau
Dr. Henry Barry
Dr. David Bartlett
Dr. Izchak Barzilay
Dr. Bettina Basrani
Dr. Dennis Bedard
Dr. Christophe Bedos
Dr. Véronique Benhamou
Dr. Sandy Bennett
Dr. Nick Blanas
Dr. Richard Bohay
Dr. Tammy Bonstein
Dr. Noriko Boorberg
Dr. Grace Bradley
Dr. Mario A. Brondani
Dr. Ralph Brooke
Dr. Douglas Brothwell
Dr. James W. Brown
Dr. Ross Bryant
Dr. Veronica Bucur
Dr. Yvonne Buischi
Dr. Francis Burke
Dr. Aaron Burry
Dr. Cheryl Cable
Dr. Aldo-Joseph Camarda
Dr. Marco F. Caminiti
Dr. Robert P. Carmichael
Dr. Suzanne Caudry
Dr. Peter J. Chauvin
Dr. William H. Christie
Dr. David Chvartszaid
Dr. Noel Claffey
Dr. David B. Clark
Dr. John Clarkson
Dr. Blaine Cleghorn
Dr. Cameron M.L. Clokie
Dr. Susan Conrod
Dr. John Conry
Dr. Peter V. Cooney
Dr. Maria A. Copete
Dr. Darren Cox
Dr. Donald P. Cunningham
Dr. John B. Curran
Dr. Maria Dabuleanu
Dr. Thomas D. Daley
Dr. Thuan Dao
Dr. Mark R. Darling
Dr. Jed Davies
Dr. Benjamin R. Davis
Dr. Colin Dawes
Dr. Hugh Devlin
Dr. Mai Diab
Dr. David Donaldson
Dr. Cecilia Dong
Dr. Robert B. Dorion
Dr. Paul Dowling
Dr. Gorman Doyle
Dr. Louis Drouin
Dr. Cyndie Dubé-Baril
Dr. Jacques Durocher
Dr. Paul C. Edwards
Dr. Wafa El-Badrawy
Dr. Richard P. Ellen
Dr. Omar El-Mowafy
Dr. Ronald L. Ettinger
Dr. David Farkouh
Mr. Irwin Fefergrad
Dr. Jocelyne Feine
Dr. Michael Fenlon
Dr. Aaron Fenton
Dr. Stephen Ferrier
Dr. Carlos Flores-Mir
Dr. Timothy F. Foley
Dr. Wai-Choong Foong
Dr. Helena Forss
Dr. Marshall M. Freilich
Dr. Clive S. Friedman
Dr. Shimon Friedman
Dr. Peter C. Fritz
Dr. Andrew Gaffen
Dr. Seema Ganatra
Dr. Jack Gerrow
Ms. Jasmine Mary Ghosn
Dr. Gino Gizzarelli
Dr. Michael Glogauer
Dr. Michael Goldberg
Dr. Valeria V. Gordan
Dr. Jean-Paul Goulet
Ms. Helen Grad
Dr. Miriam Grushka
Dr. Markus Haapasalo
Dr. Manor Haas
Dr. Effrat Habsha
Dr. Wayne Halstrom
Dr. Amer Abu Hanna
Dr. Alan G. Hannam
Dr. Rosamund Harrison
Dr. Robert Hatheway
Dr. Sahza Hatibovic-Kofman
Dr. Timothy Head
Ms. Donna Hennyey
Dr. Ivonne Hernandez
Dr. Allan J. Hovan
Dr. Philippe Hujoel
Dr. Sarah A. Hulland
Dr. Anthony Iacopino
Dr. Marcela Ibarra
Dr. Anastasios Irinakis
Dr. David Isen
Dr. Brian Jafine
Dr. Ian Johnson
Dr. Aleksandra Jokovic
Dr. Derek W. Jones
Dr. Richard Jordan
Dr. Adel Kauzman
Dr. David B. Kennedy
Dr. David J. Kenny
Dr. Alan Kilistoff
Dr. Catherine M. Kilmartin
Dr. Denis F. Kinane
Prof. Martin Kinirons
Dr. Gary D. Klasser
Dr. Israel Kleinberg
Dr. Brian K. Kucey
Dr. Gajanan Kulkarni
Dr. Nadia Ben Lagna
Dr. Jim Yuan Lai
Dr. Evie Lalla
Dr. Benoît Lalonde
Dr. Dennis Lanigan
Dr. Gary S. Leff
Dr. P. Charles Lekic
Dr. Eric Lessard
Dr. Steven M. Levy
Dr. Terry J. Lim
Dr. Hardy Limeback
Dr. Rochelle G. Lindemeyer
Dr. Paul Ling
Dr. Warren P. Loeppky
Dr. Terrie Logue
Dr. Robert W. Loney
Dr. Pía López Jornet
Dr. Alan Lowe
Dr. Christopher D. Lynch
Dr. David S. MacDonald-Jankowski
Dr. Michael MacEntee
Dr. Bill MacInnis

Dr. Scott M. MacLean
Dr. Lex MacNeil
Dr. Wayne A. Maillet
Dr. Paul W. Major
Dr. Don Marianos
Dr. Christian Marquez
Ms. Susan Matheson
Dr. Debora C. Matthews
Dr. D. Barry Maze
Dr. Randall D. Mazurat
Dr. Dorothy McComb
Dr. Robert McConnell
Dr. Christopher McCulloch
Dr. Dónal McDonnell
Dr. Leland R. McFadden
Dr. W. Tim McGaw
Dr. Colman McGrath
Dr. Taylor McGuire
Dr. Jacinta McLoughlin
Dr. Triona McNamara
Dr. Archie McNicol
Dr. Maico Melo
Dr. Rui Amaral Mendes
Dr. Alan R. Milnes
Dr. Sayed M. Mirbod
Prof. Ivar Mjör
Dr. David Mock
Dr. Hassan Moghadam
Dr. John A. Molinari
Dr. Jorge E. Moreno
Dr. Archibald D. Morrison
Dr. Mel Mupparapu
Dr. Sudeshni Naidoo
Dr. Hashim Nainar
Dr. Charlotte Ndiaye
Dr. Ann Marie Neme
Dr. Mandana Nikoui
Dr. Donald R. Nixdorf
Dr. Peter Nkansah
Dr. James Noble
Dr. Getulio Nogueira-Filho
Dr. Reza Nouri
Dr. Anne O'Connell
Dr. Niek Opdam
Dr. Elaine Orpe
Dr. Francisco J. Otero
Dr. Garnet V. Packota
Dr. Athena Papadakis
Mr. Costa Papadopoulos
Dr. Steven K. Patterson
Dr. Benny Peretz
Dr. Hiran Perinpanayagam
Dr. John B. Perry
Dr. Rénald Pérusse
Dr. Igor J. Pesun
Dr. Edmund Peters
Dr. Grace Petrikowski
Dr. Vicki C. Petropoulos
Dr. Trey L. Petty
Dr. Suzanne Philip
Dr. Catherine Poh
Dr. James L. Posluns
Dr. John M. Powers
Dr. Robert W. Priddy
Dr. Bruce R. Pynn
Dr. Alison Qualtrough
Dr. Carlos Quiñonez
Dr. Wayne Raborn
Dr. Michael J. Racich
Dr. Noel Ray
Dr. John D. Regan
Dr. Jean-Marc Retrouvey
Dr. Amin S. Rizkalla
Dr. Robert S. Roda
Dr. Georgios E. Romanos
Dr. Mel Rosenberg
Dr. Emile Rossouw
Dr. Morley Rubinoff
Dr. Lance Rucker
Dr. Frederick A. Rueggeberg
Dr. Axel Ruprecht
Dr. Sebastian Saba
Prof. L.P. Samaranayake
Dr. Harinder Sandhu
Dr. Jacinta Coelho Santos
Dr. Gildo Coelho Santos Jr.
Dr. Deborah P. Saunders
Dr. William Scarfe
Dr. Margaret Scarlett
Dr. Robert J. Schroth
Dr. Barry Schwartz
Dr. Gordon Schwartz
Dr. Stéphane R. Schwartz
Dr. Suzi Seale
Dr. Kenneth S. Serota
Dr. Barry J. Sessle
Dr. Michael J. Sigal
Dr. Liv Skartveit
Dr. Geoff Smith
Dr. Ana Cristina de Oliveira Solis
Dr. Adrian Shortall
Dr. Richard Speers
Dr. Sunjay Suri
Dr. Ken Sutherland
Dr. Riitta Suuronen
Dr. Euan Swan
Dr. Laura E. Tam
Dr. Hank Tan
Dr. Franklin Tay
Dr. James Taylor
Dr. Peter Taylor
Dr. Howard C. Tenenbaum
Dr. Andy Teng
Dr. Paul E. Teplitsky
Dr. Norman M Thie
Dr. J. Mark Thomason
Dr. Thankam Thyvalikakath
Dr. Keith Titley
Dr. Bryan D. Tompson
Dr. Simon D. Tran
Dr. Glenn A. Van As
Dr. Marcel Van Woensel
Dr. Kraig Vandewalle
Dr. René Voyer
Prof. Laurence J. Walsh
Dr. Joanne N. Walton
Dr. Lesia Waschuk
Dr. Ian Watson
Dr. Philip A. Watson
Dr. Jos VM Welie
Dr. Shane White
Dr. Eli Whitney
Dr. Robin Whyman
Dr. Jeff Williams
Dr. P. Michele Williams
Dr. Peter T. Williams
Dr. Nairn Wilson
Dr. William A. Wiltshire
Dr. Michael Wiseman
Dr. Paul Witt
Dr. Johan Wolfaardt
Dr. Robert E. Wood
Dr. Chris C.L. Wyatt
Dr. Ken Yaegaki
Dr. Donald C. Yu
Dr. Khalid Zawawi
Dr. Gerald A. Zeit
Dr. Lewei Zhang
Dr. Ron Zohar